Ramses II, The Great (1303 - 1213)
Rameses II, The Great (1303 - 1213) - also known as Rameses the Great, was the third pharaoh of the Nineteenth Dynasty of Egypt. His real name is Ursa Maatra Septepenra Ramesu Meri Amon (In the power of God - Chosen by God - Born of God - Love by Amen). He is often regarded as the greatest, most celebrated, and most powerful pharaoh of the Egyptian Empire. Rameses II was one of the most prolific builders of ancient Egypt. Hardly a site exists that he did not initiate, add to, complete, or build entirely himself. Some of the greatest monuments on any tour of Egypt bear his stamp: Abu Simbel, Karnak and Luxor Temples, the Ramesseum, and many others. He also commissioned the largest monolithic statue ever, a seated statue of himself at the Ramesseum. Now lying in pieces, the giant red-granite statue inspired many.